👩🏫FRIDAYS STUMP CROSS HISTORY LESSON 👩🏫
‘THE CARBONIFEROUS PERIOD & ITS LIFE FORMS’
🦖 🦕 🌱 🌊🦈🐟🐳🦎🐢🐛🌵🌿🌱🦖🦕🌱
The caves were formed in the Carboniferous period 🦕, which started 359 million years ago and lasted until 300 million years ago. During this period this area of the Yorkshire Dales was under a warm, shallow sea 🌊 . You can still see the impressions of coral beds and ridges made by the sea in the caves.
The hills of Stump Cross Caverns were largely shaped by Carboniferous sub-aerial erosion, before being buried by muds! I tell you what – it is hot! 🥵
You definitely didn’t need a jacket in this period. Most of the land was hot and swampy – perfect conditions for trees to grow and start covering the planet. 🌵🌳
This was incredibly important for creating what became one of our main sources of energy (and barbeques)… coal!
When these trees died, they formed thick layers of dead plants that, over many, many millions of years, got squished and turned into coal.
The earth at this time was mostly inhabited by forests, early amphibians and large invertebrates, arthropleura and meganeura. These are really interesting insects due to their size.
Check out this YouTube clip that explains this further and takes us back in time….
And here’s a Carboniferous Forest sketch, created by Incredible Creations, for you to colour in.